Tracking tympanostomy tube outcomes in pediatric patients with otitis media using an electronic database

Mallory B. O'Niel, Laura D. Cassidy, T. Roxanne Link, Joseph E. Kerschner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To implement and review a database for children with a diagnosis of otitis media (OM) to facilitate comparative outcomes and long-term prospective follow up of surgical outcomes. Specific aim is to review presenting symptoms, risk factors, tympanostomy tube outcomes and complications, and need for further procedures. Methods: A web-based customized database was constructed to universally enroll all patients seen in consultation with a diagnosis of OM. Unique database fields include demographics, physical exam findings, risk factors, intervention, and long-term outcomes. Major surgical complications measured include: tympanic membrane perforation, retained tubes, chronic otorrhea, and cholesteatoma formation. Results: Six hundred and thirty four unique patients have been prospectively enrolled. Five hundred and forty four tubes have been followed to extrusion. Outcomes demonstrate high prevalence of OM risk factors associated with surgical patients including: 63% in day care and 26% with a sibling requiring tympanostomy tubes. Complication rates; 1% developed perforations requiring surgical intervention, 2.6% required removal of retained tubes, 1% extruded early (<60 days), and 0.7% were surgically removed for other complications. Cholesteatoma was identified in 0.56%, all had ongoing chronic ear disease. Conclusions: Long-term, outcome driven investigations assessing the surgical management of OM are needed given the prevalence of this disease and the frequency of surgical intervention required. The current database represents the largest prospective cohort of patients enrolled and followed in this fashion and has generated data demonstrating a procedure associated with significant improvement in patient quality of life in the short-term with low complication rates in the long-term. This ongoing prospective investigation is providing data that have the potential to be important in treatment algorithms, procedure justification, and risk factor modification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1275-1278
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume79
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Complication rate
  • Otitis media
  • Tympanostomy tubes

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