Towards Optimizing Sub-Normothermic Machine Perfusion in Fasciocutaneous Flaps: A Large Animal Study

Yanis Berkane, Alexandre G Lellouch, Guillaume Goudot, Austin Shamlou, Irina Filz von Reiterdank, Marion Goutard, Pierre Tawa, Paul Girard, Nicolas Bertheuil, Basak E Uygun, Mark A Randolph, Jérôme Duisit, Curtis L Cetrulo, Korkut Uygun

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3 Scopus citations


Machine perfusion has developed rapidly since its first use in solid organ transplantation. Likewise, reconstructive surgery has kept pace, and ex vivo perfusion appears as a new trend in vascularized composite allotransplants preservation. In autologous reconstruction, fasciocutaneous flaps are now the gold standard due to their low morbidity (muscle sparing) and favorable functional and cosmetic results. However, failures still occasionally arise due to difficulties encountered with the vessels during free flap transfer. The development of machine perfusion procedures would make it possible to temporarily substitute or even avoid microsurgical anastomoses in certain complex cases. We performed oxygenated acellular sub-normothermic perfusions of fasciocutaneous flaps for 24 and 48 h in a porcine model and compared continuous and intermittent perfusion regimens. The monitored metrics included vascular resistance, edema, arteriovenous oxygen gas differentials, and metabolic parameters. A final histological assessment was performed. Porcine flaps which underwent successful oxygenated perfusion showed minimal or no signs of cell necrosis at the end of the perfusion. Intermittent perfusion allowed overall better results to be obtained at 24 h and extended perfusion duration. This work provides a strong foundation for further research and could lead to new and reliable reconstructive techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 12 2023

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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