Towards mental wellbeing in cities: A data-driven learning from mental health-environment nexus

Sayanti Mukherjee, Nisha Botchwey, Emmanuel Frimpong Boamah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mental illness contributes significantly to the global burden of mental disorders. Unlike previous research, this study employs a data-driven exploratory research approach to explore the complex factors underlying mental health well-being in the U.S. cities. Specifically, we use advanced statistical learning algorithms to model and predict the mental health effects of the built environment and socio-economic conditions among adults, controlling for preclinical conditions and behavioral factors. We establish our framework using the metropolitan census tract regions of the five states - Nevada, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming - that generally top the list of poor mental health ranking in the U.S. Our results show that the ensemble tree-based models best capture the complex nexus among mental health, built environment and socio-economic conditions. The analysis conducted herein suggests that mental health outcomes among adults are affected by decline in neighborhood characteristics (i.e., high vacancy rate and long duration in vacancy), lack of health insurance and high incidence of poverty within the metropolitan areas studied in the five states. Policy efforts and conversations around mental health issues must confront the often non-linear interaction of built environment and socio-economic factors that affect mental health outcomes in cities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication30th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2020 and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference, PSAM 2020
EditorsPiero Baraldi, Francesco Di Maio, Enrico Zio
PublisherResearch Publishing Services
Pages3099-3106
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9789811485930
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event30th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2020 and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference, PSAM 2020 - Venice, Virtual, Italy
Duration: Nov 1 2020Nov 5 2020

Publication series

Name30th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2020 and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference, PSAM 2020

Conference

Conference30th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2020 and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference, PSAM 2020
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityVenice, Virtual
Period11/1/2011/5/20

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© ESREL2020-PSAM15 Organizers.

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Mental health
  • Predictive analytics
  • Risk-informed decision
  • Socio-economic condition
  • Statistical learning

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