Toward an Understanding of the Neural Basis of Executive Function Development

Sammy Perone, Brandon Almy, Philip D. Zelazo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Executive function (EF) refers to a set of top-down neurocognitive processes that underlie the regulation of thought, emotion, and action. Scientific interest in EF development has blossomed over the past two decades because individual differences in EF predict outcomes in a wide range of contexts over the short and long term. EF varies along a continuum from "cool" to "hot". Cool aspects of EF are those that emerge in decontextualized contexts, whereas hot aspects of EF are those that emerge in motivationally significant contexts. We provide a review of hot and cool EF and what is known about their neural basis over development. We conclude with a discussion of the future research needed to advance our understanding of the neural basis of EF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Neurobiology of Brain and Behavioral Development
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages291-314
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9780128040843
ISBN (Print)9780128040362
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cognitive flexibility
  • Cool executive function
  • Executive function
  • Hot executive function
  • Inhibitory control
  • Neurodevelopmental theories

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