Toward a theory of psychological ownership in organizations

Jon L. Pierce, Tatiana Kostova, Kurt T. Dirks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1305 Scopus citations


Building upon the observation that individuals feel ownership toward a variety of targets, we suggest that under certain conditions, organizational members can develop feelings of ownership toward the organization and various organizational factors. We define psychological ownership, identify its "roots" and the primary "routes" through which it develops, and propose certain organizational outcomes. We discuss the conceptual distinctiveness of psychological ownership from a set of related constructs and suggest some theoretical and managerial implications of our theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-310
Number of pages13
JournalAcademy of Management Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2001

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