Toward a Process Model of Identity Formation

Harold D. Grotevant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

457 Scopus citations


A process model for conceptualizing identity formation that is developmental, contextual, and life-span in scope is proposed. The framework is consistent with an Eriksonian approach to identity but focuses more specifically on the process of identity exploration. The framework consists of four major components: individual characteristics brought to bear on the identity process, contexts of development, the identity process in specific domains (e.g., occupation, ideology, values, relationships), and interdependencies among the identity domains. Current research in each area is briefly reviewed, and recommendations for future research are outlined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-222
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Adolescent Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1987


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