Toward a New Understanding of Ethnic-Racial Settings for Ethnic-Racial Identity Development

Moin Syed, Linda P. Juang, Ylva Svensson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


The purpose of this conceptual article is to advance theory and research on one critical aspect of the context of ethnic–racial identity (ERI) development: ethnic–racial settings, or the objective and subjective nature of group representation within an individual's context. We present a new conceptual framework that consists of four dimensions: (1) perspective (that settings can be understood in both objective and subjective terms); (2) differentiation (how groups are defined in a setting); (3) heterogeneity (the range of groups in a setting); and (4) proximity (the distance between the individual and the setting). Clarifying this complexity is crucial for advancing a more coherent understanding of how ethnic–racial settings are related to ERI development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-276
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2018

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© 2018 Society for Research on Adolescence


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