Tough and Sustainable Graft Block Copolymer Thermoplastics

Jiuyang Zhang, Tuoqi Li, Alexander M. Mannion, Deborah K. Schneiderman, Marc A. Hillmyer, Frank S. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fully sustainable poly[HPMC-g-(PMVL-b-PLLA)] graft block copolymer thermoplastics were prepared from hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), β-methyl-δ-valerolactone (MVL), and l-lactide (LLA) using a facile two-step sequential addition approach. In these materials, rubbery PMVL functions as a bridge between the semirigid HPMC backbone and the hard PLLA end blocks. This specific arrangement facilitates PLLA crystallization, which induces microphase separation and physical cross-linking. By changing the backbone molar mass or side chain composition, these thermoplastic materials can be easily tailored to access either plastic or elastomeric behavior. Moreover, the graft block architecture can be utilized to overcome the processing limitations inherent to linear block polymers. Good control over molar mass and composition enables the deliberate design of HPMC-g-(PMVL-b-PLLA) samples that are incapable of microphase separation in the melt state. These materials are characterized by relatively low zero shear viscosities in the melt state, an indication of easy processability. The simple and scalable synthetic procedure, use of inexpensive and renewable precursors, and exceptional rheological and mechanical properties make HPMC-g-(PMVL-b-PLLA) polymers attractive for a broad range of applications. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-412
Number of pages6
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2016

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