Total adiponectin, but not inflammatory markers C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-α, interluekin-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, correlates with increasing glucose intolerance in pregnant Chinese-Americans

So Young Kim, Vanessa Sy, Takako Araki, Nicole Babushkin, Diana Huang, Doris Tan, Emilia Liao, George Liu, Stephen Wan, Leonid Poretsky, Donna Seto-Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Elevated insulin, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 levels and decreased high molecular weight adiponectin (HMW-APN) levels have been reported in Caucasians with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). No similar studies have been performed in Chinese women. Methods: Serum samples were obtained 1h after a 50-g glucose challenge test (1HGCT) from Chinese-American women at 24-28 gestational weeks and total adiponectin (T-APN), HMW-APN, CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1 concentrations were measured. Correlation coefficients for glucose (1HGCT), HbA1c, insulin, and body mass index (BMI) were calculated against T-APN, HMW-APN, CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1. Significant P-values were determined using Bonferroni adjustments. Results: Women with GDM had higher insulin and 1HGCT and lower T-APN. In addition, T-APN was lower in non-GDM subjects who had 1HGCT ≥135mg/dL with no abnormal or one abnormal glucose value on the 3-h oral glucose tolerance test. There were no significant differences in HMW-APN and inflammatory marker levels between non-GDM and GDM groups. There were negative correlations between T-APN and 1HGCT, insulin, BMI, and HbA1c, as well as between HMW-APN and 1HGCT, insulin, and BMI. No significant correlations were observed between 1HGCT, HbA1c, insulin, or BMI and CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, or MCP-1. Conclusions: T-APN is reduced in Chinese women with GDM and those without GDM but with evidence of glucose intolerance. Unlike results reported for Caucasians, Chinese-American women with GDM do not exhibit elevated levels of CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, or MCP-1, possibly because Chinese women are relatively leaner compared with Caucasians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-368
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Diabetes
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Chinese pregnant women
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Glucose intolerance
  • HMW-adiponectin
  • Inflammatory markers
  • T-adiponectin

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