Torsion of the uterine adnexa: Pathologic correlations and current management trends

P. A. Argenta, T. J. Yeagley, G. Ott, S. J. Sondheimer

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61 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and pathologic correlates of specimens removed for the diagnosis of adnexal torsion and to evaluate trends in the management of torsion. STUDY DESIGN: Cases of ovarian or adnexal torsion (N = 104) were identified retrospectively over a period extending from January 1987 to March 1998 by the coding of ovarian, fallopian tube or adnexal torsion. Statistical evaluation was by χ 2 analysis using the Bonferroni inequality correction when appropriate. RESULTS: Neoplastic and functional tumors of the ovary composed > 90% of the diagnoses at microscopic evaluation, with cancer diagnosed in < 1% of cases. Laparoscopy was attempted in 47 (46%) cases, and adnexasparing procedures were performed in 20 (19%) patients. Patients treated in the latter half of the study were not less likely to undergo laparotomy than those treated in the first half; however, conversion from laparoscopy to laparotomy was significantly less common in the latter half. Patients in this study were more likely to receive an adnexa-sparing operation than historical controls, but there was no improvement in this rate from the first to the second half of this study. A history of previous abdominal surgery was the most common associated condition, but 47% of patients had no known risk factors. Ovarian hyperstimulation, previously omitted in series reports, was an antecedent factor in 9% of patients. CONCLUSION: Adnexal torsion is most commonly associated with a benign process. A more-conservative approach to the treatment of this process is becoming increasingly common, as seems warranted in light of the low incidence of malignancy. The need for conversion from a laparoscopic to an open approach appears to have been waning over the last decade; that may correlate with an increased comfort level in gynecologists with laparoscopic approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-836
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 18 2000


  • Adnexa uteri
  • Adnexal diseases
  • Torsion


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