We review a set of studies dealing with molecular (glucose) sensing and hormone delivery, in which the swelling and shrinking of a hydrogel as a function of glucose concentration play a central role. Confining hydrogels in microfabricated structures permits transduction of their chemomechanical behaviors. Prototype microdevices for wireless glucose sensing and closed loop insulin delivery control have been designed using hydrogels containing phenylboronic acid sidechains. While these devices exhibit desired responses, improved response time is needed, warranting further miniaturization. In a separate application, geometric confinement of glucose oxidase by a pH-sensitive hydrogel membrane sets up a nonlinear feedback loop which enables rhythmic swell/shrink cycles when the system is exposed to a constant glucose concentration. The latter system may be applied to delivery of gonadotropin release hormone, for which rhythmicity of secretion is essential for therapeutic function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2009|