Top-down and bottom-up fabrication techniques for hydrogel based sensing and hormone delivery microdevices

Ronald A. Siegel, Eric E. Nuxoll, Marc A. Hillmyer, Babak Ziaie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We review a set of studies dealing with molecular (glucose) sensing and hormone delivery, in which the swelling and shrinking of a hydrogel as a function of glucose concentration play a central role. Confining hydrogels in microfabricated structures permits transduction of their chemomechanical behaviors. Prototype microdevices for wireless glucose sensing and closed loop insulin delivery control have been designed using hydrogels containing phenylboronic acid sidechains. While these devices exhibit desired responses, improved response time is needed, warranting further miniaturization. In a separate application, geometric confinement of glucose oxidase by a pH-sensitive hydrogel membrane sets up a nonlinear feedback loop which enables rhythmic swell/shrink cycles when the system is exposed to a constant glucose concentration. The latter system may be applied to delivery of gonadotropin release hormone, for which rhythmicity of secretion is essential for therapeutic function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages232-235
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424432967
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009

Other

Other31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

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