Tokenism in Performance Evaluation: The Effects of Work Group Representation on Male-Female and White-Black Differences in Performance Ratings

Paul R Sackett, Cathy L.Z. DuBois, Ann Wiggins Noe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations

Abstract

Male-female differences in performance ratings were examined in 486 work groups across a wide variety of jobs and organizations. As suggested by the sex stereotyping literature, women received lower ratings when the proportion of women in the group was small, even after male-female cognitive ability, psychomotor ability, education, and experience differences were controlled. Replication of the analyses with racial differences (White-Black) in 814 work groups demonstrated that group composition had little effect on performance ratings. The effects of group composition on stereotyping behaviors do not appear to generalize to all minority contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-267
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1991

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