Tobacco counseling experience prior to starting medical school, tobacco treatment self-efficacy and knowledge among first-year medical students in the United States

Rui S. Xiao, Rashelle B. Hayes, Molly E. Waring, Alan C. Geller, Linda C. Churchill, Kolawole S. Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn N. Huggett, Judith K. Ockene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To explore students' tobacco dependence counseling experiences prior to medical school and their associations with tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and familiarity with and perceived effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among first-year medical students in the United States. Method: In 2010, 1266 first-year medical students from 10 US medical schools completed a survey reporting their clinical experiences with specific tobacco counseling skills (e.g., 5As) prior to medical school. The survey also included questions on tobacco counseling self-efficacy, perceived physician impact on smokers, and familiarity and effectiveness of tobacco-related treatments. Results: Half (50.4%) reported some tobacco counseling experiences prior to medical school (i.e. at least one 5A). Students with prior counseling experiences were more likely to have higher tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and greater familiarity with medication treatment, nicotine replacement treatment, and behavioral counseling for smoking cessation, compared to those with no prior experiences. Perceived physician impact on patient smoking outcomes did not differ by prior tobacco counseling experiences. Conclusions: Many first-year medical students may already be primed to learn tobacco dependence counseling skills. Enhancing early exposure to learning these skills in medical school is likely to be beneficial to the skillset of our future physicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive medicine
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Medical students
  • Perceived effectiveness
  • Self-efficacy
  • Tobacco dependence treatment

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Tobacco counseling experience prior to starting medical school, tobacco treatment self-efficacy and knowledge among first-year medical students in the United States'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this