In human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells, the expression of CD38, which synthesizes the calcium-mobilizing molecule cyclic ADP-ribose, is augmented by TNF-α, a cytokine implicated in asthma. We determined the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the activation of NF-κB and AP-1 in the regulation of CD38 expression in HASM cells. In HASM cells exposed to TNF-α (40 ng/ml), the inhibitors of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38, or c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) decreased CD38 expression and ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity. Transfection of HASM cells with a dominant negative MEK decreased while a wild-type ERK increased TNF-α-induced CD38 expression. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) were performed using nuclear proteins and consensus sequences to detect the effect of the MAPKs on NF-κB and AP-1 activation. EMSAs confirmed the role of p38 and JNK in mediating NF-κB and AP-1 activation. Transfection of a dominant negative c-Jun decreased TNF-α-induced CD38 expression indicating involvement of AP-1. Stability of TNF-α-induced CD38 transcripts were determined in the presence of MAPK inhibitors after arresting the transcription with actinomycin D. Transcript stability decreased in the presence of ERK and p38 MAPK, but not the JNK, inhibitors. These results indicate that regulation of CD38 expression through p38 and JNK MAPKs involves NF-κB and AP-1 activation, and ERK and p38 MAPKs also regulate expression posttranscriptionally through message stability.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2007|
- ADP-ribosyl cyclase
- Electrophoretic mobility shift assays
- Extracellular signal-regulated kinase
- c-Jun NH-terminal kinase