This article reviews the use of human neuroimaging for chronic subjective tinnitus. Evidence-based guidance on the clinical use of imaging to identify relevant auditory lesions when evaluating tinnitus patients is given. After introducing the anatomy and imaging modalities most pertinent to the neuroscience of tinnitus, the article reviews tinnitus-associated alterations in key auditory and nonauditory networks in the central nervous system. Emphasis is placed on how these findings support proposed models of tinnitus and how this line of investigation is relevant to practicing clinicians.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors have no commercial or financial conflicts of interest to report. A portion of the work presented was funded by Department of Defense W81XWH1810741 (SWC, SN).
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