Time use patterns, lifestyles, and sustainability of nonwork travel behavior

Yingling Fan, Asad Khattak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This article adds to the limited literature on lifestyles and travel behavior by examining the relationship between nonwork travel and five lifestyle orientations: passive leisure, socializing, family, recreation, and community. Using data from the 2003 American Time Use Survey, we estimate negative binomial models of trip frequency and Tobit models of travel time. Family-oriented lifestyle is found to have the strongest auto dependence while recreation-oriented lifestyle has the weakest. The results indicate that the uphill battle for sustainability may benefit from research that targets travel related to family activities and from policies that promote recreation-oriented lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-47
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Lifestyle
  • Sustainability
  • Time use
  • Travel behavior


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