Time structures, chronomes, of soldiers' stature mimicking Hale cycle in neonatal body length

John Komlos, Germaine G Cornelissen-Guillaume, Ulrich Woitek, K. Otsuka, Franz Halberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The systematic patterns in human adult physical stature are explored in connection with Wolf's relative sunspot numbers. This topic should be of interest to economists, physicians as well as physicists. There is a need for more than a check of any similarity of curves in variables approximating the economy and human stature and for more than the application of mathematical models, as done herein. Ours is at best a halting step at one frequency, presented only to document the challenge of a transdisciplinary approach to multifrequency intermodulations of hosts of variables, yet to be untangled. The circumstance that at birth some decisions concerning adult stature are already made is challenging. The signature of the environment in terms of the about 21-year Hale bipolarity cycle of Wolf's relative sunspot numbers found in adult soldiers shows that the association at birth is not a transient one, even if other evidence beyond our scope herein points to the possibility that observations on presumably healthy soldiers can be extrapolated to abnormal growth. Nonetheless, the task for those concerned with short stature could become preventive if the sensitive stages when growth may be inhibited by the environment could be found, as well as means to shield from or counter the undesirable effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S135-S139
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Oct 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the US National Institutes of Health (GM-13981), the Dr h.c. (mult.) Earl E. Bakken


  • Adult stature
  • Chronome
  • Hale cycle
  • Neonatal body length
  • Time structure


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