Tillage and dicyandiamide influence on nitrogen fertilizer immobilization, remineralization, and utilization by maize (Zea mays L.)

D. E. Clay, G. L. Malzer, J. L. Anderson

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both tillage and nitrification inhibitors such as dicyandiamide (DCD) have the potential to influence N availability and thus plant N uptake. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of DCD and tillage (rototillage and no-tillage) on N immobilization and the subsequent impact of residual and fertilizer N on N availability to maize (Zea mays L.) 15N-labeled urea and urea-DCD were surface applied at the rate of 16 g N m-2, in either 1987 or 1988, to small plots which had been planted to maize (Zea mays L.). Soil samples were collected four times during the 1988 growing season and analyzed for the 15N and 14N components of inorganic N, organic N, and hydrolyzable (6 M HCl) amino acid N, hydrolyzable NHinf4sup+-N, and non-hydrolyzable N. Plant samples were collected three times during the 1988 growing season, and analyzed for the 15N and 14N components of total N. The total amount of NOinf3sup-percolating through the profile was less than 15 kg N ha-1 in 1987 and 1988. N uptake by maize was reduced under notillage and when the urea was treated with DCD. The tillage treatments had no effect on the uptake of N fertilizer applied in 1988 or on N immobilization. However, no-till-age reduced the uptake of residual N fertilizer. The reduced use of N fertilizer was attributed to a reduction in the actual mineralization rates of immobilized residual N. DCD reduced the uptake of N fertilizer applied in 1988. The reduced uptake was attributed to increased N immobilization or to organic matter fixation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
JournalBiology and Fertility of Soils
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1990

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Dicyandiamide
  • N fertilizer
  • N immobilization
  • Nitrification inhibitor
  • Notillage
  • Zea mays L.

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