Three-stage gaseous biofuel production combining dark hydrogen, photo hydrogen, and methane fermentation using wet Arthrospira platensis cultivated under high CO2 and sodium stress

Lingkan Ding, Jun Cheng, Hongxiang Lu, Liangchen Yue, Junhu Zhou, Kefa Cen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

An integrated process involving cyanobacterium cultivation and three-stage fermentation was investigated to efficiently produce gaseous biofuels. The content and concentration of total carbohydrates in Arthrospira platensis biomass were remarkably enhanced through nutrient adjustments. Relative nitrogen starvation with continuous 15% (v/v) CO2 bubbling led to the accumulation of large-molecular-weight glycogen as an intracellular energy reserve, whereas 0.5 mol/L NaCl addition at 3rd day resulted in the synthesis of small-molecular-weight carbohydrates (e.g., trehalose) as osmoprotectants. The total carbohydrates in A. platensis cultivated under 15% (v/v) CO2 and 0.5 mol/L NaCl stress occupied 53.4 wt% of the dried biomass. The harvested wet A. platensis biomass was pretreated with dilute acid and steam heating to give the maximum reducing sugar yield of 0.460 g/g volatile solids (VS). Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses revealed that the A. platensis cells were fractured section by section and thoroughly disrupted into small debris and fragments after pretreatment. A three-stage process combining dark hydrogen, photo hydrogen, and dark methane fermentation was employed for hydrogen and methane co-production using the pretreated A. platensis biomass. The hydrogen yield was 96 mL/gVS after first-stage dark fermentation, whereas the concentration of soluble metabolic products (SMPs) reached 9.692 g/L. Through the combined dark and photo hydrogen fermentation, the hydrogen yield significantly increased to 429 mL/gVS, corresponding to an SMP removal efficiency of 95.96%. The overall energy yield was boosted to 10.51 kJ/gVS after third-stage dark methane fermentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-404
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume148
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Arthrospira platensis
  • CO bubbling
  • Fermentation
  • Hydrogen
  • Methane
  • Sodium stress

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