Three-dimensional treatment outcomes in Class II patients treated with the Herbst appliance: A pilot study

Megan Lecornu, Lucia H.S. Cevidanes, Hongtu Zhu, Chih Da Wu, Brent Larson, Tung Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Introduction The aims of this study were to analyze 3-dimensional skeletal changes in subjects with Class II malocclusion treated with the Herbst appliance and to compare these changes with treated Class II controls using 3-dimensional superimposition techniques. Methods Seven consecutive Herbst patients and 7 Class II controls treated with Class II elastics who met the inclusion criteria had cone-beam computed tomographs taken before treatment, and either after Herbst removal or at posttreatment for the control subjects. Three-dimensional models were generated from the cone-beam computed tomography images, registered on the anterior cranial bases, and analyzed using color maps and point-to-point measurements. Results The Herbst patients demonstrated anterior translation of the glenoid fossae and condyles (right anterior fossa, 1.69 ± 0.62 mm; left anterior fossa, 1.43 ± 0.71 mm; right anterior condyle, 1.20 ± 0.41 mm; left anterior condyle, 1.29 ± 0.57 mm), whereas posterior displacement predominated in the controls (right anterior fossa, -1.51 ± 0.68 mm; left anterior fossa, -1.31 ± 0.61 mm; right anterior condyle, -1.20 ± 0.41 mm; left anterior condyle, -1.29 ± 0.57 mm; P <0.001). There was more anterior projection of B-point in the Herbst patients (2.62 ± 1.08 mm vs 1.49 ± 0.79 mm; P <0.05). Anterior displacement of A-point was more predominant in the controls when compared with the Herbst patients (1.20 ± 0.53 mm vs -1.22 ± 0.43 mm; P <0.001). Conclusions Class II patients treated with the Herbst appliance demonstrated anterior displacement of the condyles and glenoid fossae along with maxillary restraint when compared with the treated Class II controls; this might result in more anterior mandibular projection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)818-830
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2013


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