Thin-layer chromatographic analysis of flower color phenotypes in Dendranthema grandiflorum Ramatuelle inbreds and clonal cultivars

Neil O. Anderson, Peter D. Ascher, Richard E. Widmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four glasshouse and 13 garden chrysanthemum cultivars or inbred seedlings from the color groups white, yellow, pink/purple, and orange/red/bronze were analyzed with thin-layer chromatography (TLC) for qualitative and quantitative pigment constituents. TLC confirmed the presence of eight carotenoids in yellow and bronze cultivars. Qualitative differences exised only for spots 5-8. Rf values for lutein matched those of spot 4. Flavonoid analysis of purples and bronzes revealed two anthocyanidins, one of which was cyanidin, one flavone, and two phenylpropanoids. White cultivars had four phenylpropanoids, two of which were caffeic and ferulic acids. In most cases, inbred and non-inbred cultivars within a given phenotypic class did not exhibit qualitative differences. Color analysis could be pursued at any level of inbreeding, but inheritance studies would be severely hampered using non-inbred genotypes of this hexaploid floricultural crop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-239
Number of pages11
JournalEuphytica
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1988

Keywords

  • Chrysanthemum morifolijm
  • Dendranthema grandiflorum
  • flower color inheritance
  • garden chrysanthemums
  • glasshouse chrysanthemums
  • thin-layer chromatography

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