Thermotropic properties of organic nanocrystals embedded in ultrasmall crystallization chambers

Jeong Myeong Ha, Marc A. Hillmyer, Michael D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crystallization of organic compounds in nanometer-scale channels of controlled pore glass (CPG) and porous polystyrene (p-PS), the latter prepared by etching of the polylactide (PLA) component of shear-aligned PS-PLA diblock copolymers, produces crystals with dimensions that reflect the size constraints imposed by the channels. The nanoscopic dimensions of the organic crystals embedded in the channels result in a substantial melting point depression compared with the bulk, as demonstrated here for 2,2,3,3,4,4-hexafluoro-1,5-pentanediol (HFPD) and (R)-(+)-3-methyladipic acid (R-MAA). The melting points decreased with decreasing channel diameter, consistent with the increasing surface-area-to-volume ratio of the crystals. Furthermore, at these length scales the latent heat of melting decreased with decreasing crystal size. The melting point depression for both HFPD and R-MAA was greater in p-PS than in CPG, which can only be explained by interactions of the nanocrystals and their corresponding melts with the channel walls. Collectively, these discoveries reveal that simplified descriptions used in previous investigations of embedded crystals, which were limited to porous glass matrixes and ignored the influence of the channel walls, do not capture all the factors affecting the thermotropic properties of the embedded nanocrystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1392-1399
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2005

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Thermotropic properties of organic nanocrystals embedded in ultrasmall crystallization chambers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this