Thermoset fracture toughness improvements at extremely low loadings using graphene and functionalized graphene oxide fillers

Gregory P. Moriarty, Nicholas Petkovich, Andreas Stein, Chris Macosko

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Filler materials with nanoscale dimensions have the potential to substantially improve different properties in polymer composites. For reinforced thermoset polymers, one property of special interest is the ability of the matrix to adsorb energy and resist fracture. Many materials used to toughen thermosets require a high weight percent to be added to the resin before beneficial effects can be observed. Previously, we showed that fracture toughness can be increased in epoxy-based systems as very low loadings of functionalized graphene oxide were added. With the addition of functionalized graphene oxide (GO) to an unsaturated polyester (UP) resin, we have been able to achieve a significant improvement in fracture energy (G1C) at substantially lower weight concentrations (<0.1 wt%). G1C can be increased two times the neat UP resin with only 0.04 wt% of vinyl-modified GO. These improvements are due to the modifier being covalently bonded to the surface of GO, allowing for improved adhesion to the matrix. Depending on the synthesis condition used, dispersability into the matrix can also be increased alongside a 2.2 times improvement over the neat UP resin in G1C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
EventComposites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Oct 13 2014Oct 16 2014

Other

OtherComposites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period10/13/1410/16/14

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Thermosets
Oxides
Graphene
Polyester resins
Fillers
Fracture toughness
Polymers
Fracture energy
Adhesion
Resins
Composite materials

Cite this

Moriarty, G. P., Petkovich, N., Stein, A., & Macosko, C. (2014). Thermoset fracture toughness improvements at extremely low loadings using graphene and functionalized graphene oxide fillers. Paper presented at Composites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014, Orlando, United States.

Thermoset fracture toughness improvements at extremely low loadings using graphene and functionalized graphene oxide fillers. / Moriarty, Gregory P.; Petkovich, Nicholas; Stein, Andreas; Macosko, Chris.

2014. Paper presented at Composites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014, Orlando, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Moriarty, GP, Petkovich, N, Stein, A & Macosko, C 2014, 'Thermoset fracture toughness improvements at extremely low loadings using graphene and functionalized graphene oxide fillers' Paper presented at Composites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014, Orlando, United States, 10/13/14 - 10/16/14, .
Moriarty GP, Petkovich N, Stein A, Macosko C. Thermoset fracture toughness improvements at extremely low loadings using graphene and functionalized graphene oxide fillers. 2014. Paper presented at Composites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014, Orlando, United States.
Moriarty, Gregory P. ; Petkovich, Nicholas ; Stein, Andreas ; Macosko, Chris. / Thermoset fracture toughness improvements at extremely low loadings using graphene and functionalized graphene oxide fillers. Paper presented at Composites and Advanced Materials Expo: Combined Strength. Unsurpassed Innovation., CAMX 2014, Orlando, United States.
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