Thermoelectric coolers for high-power-density 3D electronics heat management

Amin Nozariasbmarz, Ravi Anant Kishore, Wenjie Li, Yu Zhang, Luyao Zheng, Mohan Sanghadasa, Bed Poudel, Shashank Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Future advancements in three-dimensional (3D) electronics require robust thermal management methodology. Thermoelectric coolers (TECs) are reliable and solid-state heat pumping devices with high cooling capacity that can meet the requirements of emerging 3D microelectronic devices. Here, we first provide the design of TECs for electronics cooling using a computational model and then experimentally validate the main predictions. Key device parameters such as device thickness, leg density, and contact resistance were studied to understand their influence on the performance of TECs. Our results show that it is possible to achieve high cooling power density through optimization of TE leg height and packing density. Scaling of TECs is shown to provide ultra-high cooling power density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number164101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number16
StatePublished - Apr 18 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was based upon work supported by the center for 3D Ferroelectric Microelectronics (3DFeM), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences Energy Frontier Research Centers program under Award No. DE-SC0021118. B.P. acknowledges the financial support from the Center for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems. A.N. acknowledges the financial support through the Office of Naval Research through Award No. N00014-20-1-2602.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Author(s).


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