Therapy for ongoing graft-versus-host disease induced across the major or minor histocompatibility barrier in mice with anti-CD3F(ab′)2-ricin toxin A chain immunotoxin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new pharmacologic agent, anti-CD3F(ab′)2-ricin toxin A chain (RTA), was synthesized for the purpose of targeting T cells and as a means of treating established graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The Fc region of anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) was removed to prevent its ability to activate T cells. The resulting F(ab′)2 fragments were conjugated to deglycosylated RTA (dgRTA), a catalytic and potent phytotoxin. The resulting immunotoxin (IT) was potent (greater than 95% inhibition) and selective in inhibiting T-cell mitogenesis in vitro. In vivo, the IT depleted 80% of T cells in mice receiving bone marrow (BM) transplants. Transplantation in an aggressive acute GVHD model using C57BL/6 donor cells and H-2 disparate B10.BR recipients resulted in an infiltration of CDS-expressing cells and a median survival time (MST) of 20 to 30 days. A 5-day course of anti-CD3F(ab′)2-RTA (30 μg/d intraperitoneally) beginning 7 days after GVHD induction was beneficial in treating established GVHD in these mice, as evidenced by significantly prolonged survival (MST, greater than 80 days), superior mean weight values, and improved clinical appearance. Neither intact anti-CD3, unconjugated anti-CD3 F(ab′)2 fragments, nor a mixture of anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 MoAbs (which are highly effective in prophylactic models) were as effective. F(ab′)2 fragments made from anti-Lyt-1 (the murine homologue of human anti-CD5) linked to RTA were also not effective, despite the fact that both anti-CD3F(ab′)2-RTA and anti-Lyt-1F(ab′)2-RTA had similar half-lives of about 9 hours. The IT also increased MST in two aggressive models of GVHD across non-H-2 minor histocompatibility barriers, indicating that the usefulness of anti-CD3F(ab′)2-dgRTA is not limited to a single-strain combination. This agent should be further investigated as an alternative to current strategies for treating steroid refractory GVHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4367-4375
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume86
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Therapy for ongoing graft-versus-host disease induced across the major or minor histocompatibility barrier in mice with anti-CD3F(ab′)2-ricin toxin A chain immunotoxin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this