Over the past decade, subset analyses of retrospective and prospective clinical studies have determined that KRAS-mutated metastatic colorectal cancers do not respond effectively to inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with the EGFR-targeting monoclonal antibodies cetuximab or panitumumab. Within the past few years, the scope of tested variants in the KRAS oncogene has expanded significantly, and testing of all RAS family genes has become more widely available in clinical laboratories. Expert consensus guidelines have recommended not using EGFR inhibitors in patients with KRAS-mutated tumors. However, with increasing identification of low-prevalence variants, it is conceivable that some RAS mutations do not provide equivalent resistance to EGFR inhibition compared with the most prevalent mutations at codons 12, 13, and 61. This report describes a case of a patient with metastatic colon cancer harboring the p.A59T variant of KRAS, with objective radiographic response (36% decrease per RECIST 1.1) and carcinoembryonic antigen biomarker response to panitumumab therapy given with FOLFIRI chemotherapy. We propose that A59T represents one potential exception to the guidelines that KRAS mutant tumors fail to respond to therapy with EGFR inhibitors, altering the paradigm of using this generalized approach.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||JNCCN Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2017|