Therapeutic applications of mesenchymal stem cells for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Christina M. Lewis, Masatoshi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease affecting the neuromuscular system and does not have a known singular cause. Genetic mutations, extracellular factors, non-neuronal support cells, and the immune system have all been shown to play varied roles in clinical and pathological disease progression. The therapeutic plasticity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be well matched to this complex disease pathology, making MSCs strong candidates for cellular therapy in ALS. In this review, we summarize a variety of explored mechanisms by which MSCs play a role in ALS progression, including neuronal and non-neuronal cell replacement, trophic factor delivery, and modulation of the immune system. Currently relevant techniques for applying MSC therapy in ALS are discussed, focusing in particular on delivery route and cell source. We include examples from in vitro, preclinical, and clinical investigations to elucidate the remaining progress that must be made to understand and apply MSCs as a treatment for ALS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number32
JournalStem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2014
Externally publishedYes

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