Therapeutic Application of PARP Inhibitors in Neuro-Oncology

Jianfang Ning, Hiroaki Wakimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In response to a variety of cellular stresses, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) has vital roles in orchestrating DNA damage repair and preserving genomic integrity. Clinical activity of PARP inhibitors (PARPis) in BRCA1/2 mutant cancers validated the concept of synthetic lethality between PARP inhibition and deleterious BRCA1/2 mutations, leading to clinical approval of several PARPis. Preclinical and clinical studies aiming to broaden the therapeutic application of PARPis identified sensitivity biomarkers and rationale combination strategies that can target BRCA wild-type and homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair-proficient cancers, including central nervous system (CNS) malignancies. In this review, we summarize recent progress in PARPi therapy in brain tumors, and discuss current opportunities for, and challenges to, the use of PARPis in neuro-oncology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-159
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Cancer
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • DNA damage response
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor
  • combination therapy
  • homologous recombination repair
  • neuro-oncology

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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