In response to a variety of cellular stresses, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) has vital roles in orchestrating DNA damage repair and preserving genomic integrity. Clinical activity of PARP inhibitors (PARPis) in BRCA1/2 mutant cancers validated the concept of synthetic lethality between PARP inhibition and deleterious BRCA1/2 mutations, leading to clinical approval of several PARPis. Preclinical and clinical studies aiming to broaden the therapeutic application of PARPis identified sensitivity biomarkers and rationale combination strategies that can target BRCA wild-type and homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair-proficient cancers, including central nervous system (CNS) malignancies. In this review, we summarize recent progress in PARPi therapy in brain tumors, and discuss current opportunities for, and challenges to, the use of PARPis in neuro-oncology.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
- DNA damage response
- Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor
- combination therapy
- homologous recombination repair
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article