Theory and Development of the Diasporic Identity Scale with Adopted Korean Americans

Adam Y. Kim, Xiang Zhou, Richard M. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Drawing upon diaspora scholarship and social identity theory, we propose a new psychological construct–diasporic identity–to capture how transnationally adopted individuals draw meaning from their migrations, the communities that they construct, and their relationships with their homeland. We describe the development of a new self-report measure–the Diasporic Identity Scale (DIS)–to assess this construct, and we provide initial psychometric evidence for it using a sample of transnationally adopted Korean American adolescents (N = 117). The DIS comprises two dimensions: solidarity (r =.90) and homeland attachment (r =.88). Diasporic solidarity is a sense of within-group empathy and emphasizes community building; homeland attachment captures a desire to return to the homeland and for cultural roots. Exploratory factor analysis supports the two-factor structure. We also provide initial evidence for convergent, discriminant, and concurrent validity. Supplemental data for this article is available online at.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-328
Number of pages25
JournalAdoption Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 12 2021

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • International adoption
  • adopted Koreans
  • diaspora
  • diasporic identity
  • ethnic-racial identity


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