Theoretical investigation on effects of group-velocity dispersion on mid-infrared quantum-cascade lasers with Fabry-Perot and ring cavities

Jing Bai, Hanquan Wang, Jinchuan Zhang, Fengqi Liu, Debao Zhou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We focused on the effects of group-velocity dispersion (GVD) on the coherent pulse progression in mid-infrared (MIR) quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs). Comparison of GVD effects on the two kinds of typical QCL cavities, i.e., FP and ring cavities, brings insight into the interaction between the GVD and the spatial hole burning (SHB) effect which is only supported by FP cavities but not ring cavities. The theoretical model is built based on the Maxwell-Bloch formulism accounting for two-way propagations of electric field and polarization as well as the couplings among the electric field, the polarization, and the population inversion. The pulse evolution in time-spatial domains is simulated by the finite difference method with prior nondimensionalization, which is necessary for a convergent solution. Results predict that the SHB could broaden the QCL gain bandwidth and induce additional side modes closely around the central lasing mode with an intensity more pronounced than that of GVD associated side modes. Moreover, owing to the SHB, the lasing instability caused by GVD is weaker in a FP cavity than a ring cavity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhysics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVII
EditorsBernd Witzigmann, Yasuhiko Arakawa, Marek Osinski
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510624665
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventPhysics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVII 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 5 2019Feb 7 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10912
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferencePhysics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVII 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period2/5/192/7/19

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Keywords

  • Dispersive media
  • Laser dynamics
  • Midinfrared quantum-cascade lasers
  • Spatial hole burning

Cite this

Bai, J., Wang, H., Zhang, J., Liu, F., & Zhou, D. (2019). Theoretical investigation on effects of group-velocity dispersion on mid-infrared quantum-cascade lasers with Fabry-Perot and ring cavities. In B. Witzigmann, Y. Arakawa, & M. Osinski (Eds.), Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVII [109120N] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10912). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2510718