Theoretical analysis of inward hemispheric release above and below drug solubility

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A detailed analysis of inward diffusional drug release from devices with hemispheric and related geometries is presented. When drug is loaded below its solubility, an infinite series describes drug concentration profiles and release kinetics, with an excellent approximation resulting when only one term of this series is retained. A connection between this geometric setting and diffusion in constricted porous domains is pointed out, as is the utility of mean first passage times and mean residence times derived for this model. For the case of drug loaded above its solubility, the pseudosteady state (PSS) approximation of Bechard and McMullen [J. Pharm. Sci. 77 (1988) 222] is compared against numerical results calculated for the full model in which the PSS assumption is removed. A close match is observed. Asymptotic analysis of the PSS expressions shows that the previously used zero-order release assumption is not quite correct, even at later times, and this affects parameter estimation procedures. A comparison between the model of Bechard and McMullen and earlier obtained experimental data [J. Pharm. Sci. 72 (1983) 17] reveals some qualitative discrepancies that are yet to be explained. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-126
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 3 2000

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Asymptotic analysis
  • Constrictions
  • Diffusion
  • Dissolution
  • Hemisphere
  • Modeling
  • Numerical methods
  • Pores
  • Zero-order release


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