Theiler's virus-infected L-selectin-deficient mice have decreased infiltration of CD8+ T lymphocytes in central nervous system but clear the virus

Xuexian Zhang, Laurie Brewer, Bruce Walcheck, Aaron Johnson, Larry R. Pease, M. Kariuki Njenga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mice with targeted deletion of L-selectin gene (L-sel-/-) were used to investigate the role of adhesion molecule in immunologic responses following virus infection in the central nervous system (CNS). L-Sel-/- mice from a resistant H-2b genetic background and parental wild-type H-2b (C57BL/6) mice were infected with Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) intracerebrally and the kinetics of virus replication and infiltration of immune cells in the CNS determined. The levels of infectious TMEV, as measured by plaque assay at 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after infection were between 4 and 6 log10 PFU of virus per gram of CNS tissues at days 3 and 7 post-infection, and then decreased to undetectable levels by day 14 after infection in both strains of mice. The L-sel-/- mice had decreased numbers of CD8+ T lymphocytes (17.72% ± 2.4) infiltrating into the CNS at 7 days post-infection when compared to wild-type mice (31.02% ± 7.5). In addition, the L-sel-/- mice had significantly lower levels of TMEV-specific serum IgG resulting in lower virus neutralizing activity of the serum when compared to wild-type mice. However, the L-sel-/- mice had 2.5-fold increase in B lymphocytes in the CNS (8.29% ± 1.1) when compared to wild-type mice (3.2% ± 0.4). Taken together, these data indicate that L-selectin plays a role in recruitment of B and CD8+ T lymphocytes into the CNS following virus infection, which, however, did not affect the ability of the mice to clear TMEV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-187
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume116
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Demyelination
  • L-selectin
  • Lymphocytes
  • Theiler's virus

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Theiler's virus-infected L-selectin-deficient mice have decreased infiltration of CD8<sup>+</sup> T lymphocytes in central nervous system but clear the virus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this