The Yellow-green Bush-tanager is neither a bush-tanager nor a sparrow: Molecular phylogenetics reveals that Chlorospingus flavovirens is a tanager (Aves: Passeriformes; Thraupidae)

Jorge Enrique Avendaño, F. Keith Barker, Carlos Daniel Cadena

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Abstract

Molecular phylogenetic analyses of the genus Chlorospingus (Aves: Emberizidae) indicate that the genus is not mono-phyletic because Chlorospingus flavovirens is actually a member of the tanager family (Thraupidae), in which its closest relatives are members of the genus Bangsia. We thus propose that C. flavovirens be transferred to Thraupidae and to the genus Bangsia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-381
Number of pages9
JournalZootaxa
Volume4136
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 6 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are very grateful to F. Gary Stiles and Orlando Acevedo-Charry for collecting the specimens of C. flavovirens used in this paper and for allowing us to access to the ornithological collection of Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN). Other collectors and institutions that helped with tissue samples and access to their collections were: Jhon Jairo Calder?n Leyton, Universidad de Narino; Juan Diego Palacio, Claudia Alejandra Medina, Socorro Sierra and Fernando Forero, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt; Mar?a del Pilar Rivas and Fernando Ayerbe-Quinones, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad del Cauca; and Paul Sweet, American Museum of Natural History. This study was supported by The Facultad de Ciencias at Universidad de los Andes, Beca Colombia Biodiversa of Fundaci?n Alejandro ?ngel Escobar, the Direcci?n de Investigaciones of Universidad de los Llanos (Proyecto CAMVZ-21-2012), and the National Science Foundation (DEB-0316092). Lynx Edicions kindly provided permission to use images from the Handbook of Birds of the World. We thank Kevin J. Burns, Edward C. Dickinson and F. Gary Stiles for discussions on tanager taxonomy, and James Van Remsen, Jr. and two anonymous reviewers for comments that improved early versions of the manuscript.

Keywords

  • Andes
  • Chocó
  • Emberizoidea
  • Passerellidae
  • Polyphyly

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