The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006

J. Kildea, R. W. Atkins, H. M. Badran, G. Blaylock, I. H. Bond, S. M. Bradbury, J. H. Buckley, D. A. Carter-Lewis, O. Celik, Y. C.K. Chow, W. Cui, P. Cogan, M. K. Daniel, I. de la Calle Perez, C. Dowdall, C. Duke, A. D. Falcone, D. J. Fegan, S. J. Fegan, J. P. FinleyL. F. Fortson, D. Gall, G. H. Gillanders, J. Grube, K. J. Gutierrez, J. Hall, T. A. Hall, J. Holder, D. Horan, S. B. Hughes, M. Jordan, I. Jung, G. E. Kenny, M. Kertzman, J. Knapp, A. Konopelko, K. Kosack, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, S. LeBohec, J. Lloyd-Evans, J. Millis, P. Moriarty, T. Nagai, P. A. Ogden, R. A. Ong, J. S. Perkins, D. Petry, F. Pizlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Details are presented of the Whipple Observatory's 10 m atmospheric Cherenkov telescope and camera, as it evolved during the period 1997 until 2006. The design of the telescope and camera's optical and electronic systems is discussed together with a detailed description of the four-stage GRANITE (Gamma-RAy New Imaging TElescope) upgrade program, undertaken during the same time period. The objective of the upgrade was to improve the telescope's sensitivity for the detection of very-high-energy gamma-rays. Results from the program are provided and are briefly discussed in the context of the design of VERITAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-195
Number of pages14
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is supported by grants from the US Department of Energy, the US National Science Foundation, the Smithsonian Institution, by NSERC in Canada, by Science Foundation Ireland and by PPARC in the UK. We also acknowledge the annoynmous referee for his meticulous reading of the paper and many useful comments.


  • Atmospheric Cherenkov effect
  • Gamma-ray astronomy
  • Gamma-ray telescope
  • Imaging atmospheric Cherenkov technique
  • Imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescope
  • Whipple collaboration


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