The velocity centroid periodicity of L2 Puppis' SiO maser emission

Gordon C. McIntosh, Balthasar Indermuehle

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Abstract

We report the first short term velocity centroid (VC) periodicity derived from SiO maser emission. L2 Puppis, a semi-regular AGB star, was observed using the Mopra radio telescope of the Australia Telescope National Facility in the SiO v = 1, J = 1-0 and v = 1, J = 2-1 transitions. It exhibits a 139 day period in its SiO maser VC based on a period folding analysis and a Lomb Scargle analysis. L2 Pup's SiO maser emission has an unusually large velocity range and an unusual three-peaked spectrum. To create the change in VC the entire spectrum does not shift in velocity, but changes in the relative emission of the peaks generate the variation. The changes in the VC may be due to differential illumination, an asymmetric circumstellar distribution of material, or a mixture of causes. The unusual velocity structure, similar to that observed in Orion source 1, may be due to revolution of the circumstellar material or asymmetries in the circumstellar environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number21
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume774
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • masers
  • stars: individual (L2 Puppis)
  • stars: variables: general

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