The use of succinonitrile as an electrolyte additive for composite-fiber membranes in lithium-ion batteries

Jahaziel Villarreal, Roberto Orrostieta Chavez, Sujay A. Chopade, Timothy P. Lodge, Mataz Alcoutlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present work, the effect of temperature and additives on the ionic conductivity of mixed organic/ionic liquid electrolytes (MOILEs) was investigated by conducting galvanostatic charge/discharge and ionic conductivity experiments. The mixed electrolyte is based on the ionic liquid (IL) (EMI/TFSI/LiTFSI) and organic solvents EC/DMC (1:1 v/v). The effect of electrolyte type on the electrochemical performance of a LiCoO2 cathode and a SnO2 /C composite anode in lithium anode (or cathode) half-cells was also investigated. The results demonstrated that the addition of 5 wt.% succinonitrile (SN) resulted in enhanced ionic conductivity of a 60% EMI-TFSI 40% EC/DMC MOILE from ~14 mS·cm−1 to ~26 mS·cm−1 at room temperature. Additionally, at a temperature of 100 C, an increase in ionic conductivity from ~38 to ~69 mS·cm−1 was observed for the MOILE with 5 wt% SN. The improvement in the ionic conductivity is attributed to the high polarity of SN and its ability to dissolve various types of salts such as LiTFSI. The galvanostatic charge/discharge results showed that the LiCoO2 cathode with the MOILE (without SN) exhibited a 39% specific capacity loss at the 50th cycle while the LiCoO2 cathode in the MOILE with 5 wt.% SN showed a decrease in specific capacity of only 14%. The addition of 5 wt.% SN to the MOILE with a SnO2 /C composite-fiber anode resulted in improved cycling performance and rate capability of the SnO2 /C composite-membrane anode in lithium anode half-cells. Based on the results reported in this work, a new avenue and promising outcome for the future use of MOILEs with SN in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) can be opened.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalMembranes
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by NSF PREM award under grant No. DMR-1523577: UTRGV-UMN Partnership for Fostering Innovation by Bridging Excellence in Research and Student Success. Part of this work was carried out in the College of Science and Engineering Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota, which has received capital equipment funding from the NSF through the UMN MRSEC program under Award Number DMR-1420013.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Composite fibers
  • Electrolyte
  • Ionic liquids
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Mixtures
  • Succinonitrile

How much support was provided by MRSEC?

  • Primary

Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 6

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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