Background: Anti-idiotypic antibodies (Ab-2), which are the mirror images of idiotypic antibodies (Ab-1), may be useful as diagnostic reagents and for use as immunogen to induce antigen-specific immune responses. Methods and Results: To explore the biologic potential of Ab-2 as diagnostic reagents in allergic diseases, murine mouse (m) Ab-2 were raised by immunizing Balb/c mice with affinity purified rabbit (r) Ab-1 specific for the pollen of Parthenium hysterophorus, an allergenic weed that grows wild on the Indian subcontinent and in Australia, Mexico, and the southern United States. Affinity purified Parthenium-specific human (h)AB-1 could successfully inhibit the binding of mAb-2 to immobilized rAb-1. Further, Balb/c mice immunized with mAb-2 induced Parthenium-specific anti-anti-idiotypic IgE and IgG antibodies. Specificity of the Ab-2 was confirmed by the ability of Parthenium pollen extracts to inhibit the binding of allergen-specific IgE and IgG Ab-1 in the sera of patients with rhinitis to immobilized mAb-2. Parthenium-sensitive patients with rhinitis who had positive results on skin prick tests to Parthenium pollen extracts also responded with a positive skin reaction to mAb-2. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that Parthenium-specific mAb-2 may be of value as surrogate allergens in allergen standardization and for in vitro diagnosis.
- Anti-idiotypic antibodies
- skin tests