OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to retrospectively review an institutional protocol that uses latex catheters for the treatment of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) that are resistant to simple drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Forty-six consecutive patients with ECFs that did not close with simple abscess drainage were treated with latex catheters. These patients' charts were retrospectively reviewed to determine treatment success rates and the relationship of treatment success to clinical characteristics. RESULTS. ECFs in 26 of the 46 (56.5%) patients were treated successfully with latex catheters. On univariate analysis, the fistulas that originated from the stomach were statistically less likely to close (p = 0.03), whereas those originating from the small bowel were more likely to close (p = 0.01). The duration of treatment was significantly longer in patients for whom the treatment failed than in those who were successfully treated (p = 0.003). After a total treatment time of more than 116 days (odds ratio [OR], 9.8 [95% CI, 2.5-38.4]; p = 0.001) or latex catheter treatment time of more than 74 days (OR, 8.9 [95% CI, 2.2-35.0]; p = 0.002), the chance of ECF closure decreased significantly. CONCLUSION. Treatment of ECFs that are resistant to simple abscess cavity drainage with a latex catheter is possible and decreases the need for surgery.
- Enterocutaneous fistula
- Latex catheter