The uptake and translocation of selected elements by cole (Brassica) grown using oasis soils in pot experiments

Zhongren Nan, Zhuanjun Zhao, Xiaowen Liu, U. K. Saha, Lena Q. Ma, Abigail R. Clarke-Sather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Pot experiments were conducted on cole (Brassica) grown in soils jointly treated with traces of two heavy metals cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn). As the concentration of heavy metals in the soil increased, the uptake of these metals by the plants rose. However, the ratio of heavy metal concentration in soil to uptake by plants increased at a slower rate. Bioavailability of heavy metals considered between the roots and soil using non-linear regressions was shown to be statistically significant. Similarly, the bioavailability of these two heavy metals between leaves and roots using a linear regression was also statistically significant. The bioconcentration factors (BCFs) for Cd and Zn were 0.282 and 4.289, respectively. Significant variation of BCF with the heavy metal bioavailability in soil was noted from non-linear models. The transfer factors (TFs) were 4.49 for Cd and 1.39 for Zn. The Zn concentration in leaves under all treatments did not exceed threshold set standards, but Cd levels exceeded these standards when the concentration of Cd in the soil was more than 1.92 mgkg-1 dry weight (dw). Data indicate that cole (Brassica) is not a suitable crop for oasis soils because of plant contamination with heavy metals, especially Cd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1541-1549
Number of pages9
JournalToxicological and Environmental Chemistry
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (40671167), National Environmental Protection Commonwealth Project (NEPCP 200809098), and The National Key Basic Research Program of China (NKBRP(973):2008 CB 417212). The authors would like to place on record their sincere thanks to Linze Inland River Basin Research Station, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network.


  • Cd and Zn
  • Cole and oasis soil
  • Pot experiment
  • Uptake and transfer


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