The unequal burden of time toxicity

Whitney V. Johnson, Anne H. Blaes, Christopher M. Booth, Ishani Ganguli, Arjun Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Many cancer treatments impose large time investments on patients. We have termed these time burdens ‘time toxicity’ and have urged their consideration as adverse events of treatment. Here, we discuss time toxicity measures while considering inequitable access to healthcare, time as a resource, and patterns of time toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-375
Number of pages3
JournalTrends in Cancer
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Arjun Gupta is supported by a grant from the Minnesota Colorectal Cancer Research Foundation .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.


  • healthcare equity
  • healthcare quality
  • oncology
  • social determinants of health
  • time toxicity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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