The time-dependence of exchange-induced relaxation during modulated radio frequency pulses

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The problem of the relaxation of identical spins 1/2 induced by chemical exchange between spins with different chemical shifts in the presence of time-dependent RF irradiation (in the first rotating frame) is considered for the fast exchange regime. The solution for the time evolution under the chemical exchange Hamiltonian in the tilted doubly rotating frame (TDRF) is presented. Detailed derivation is specified to the case of a two-site chemical exchange system with complete randomization between jumps of the exchanging spins. The derived theory can be applied to describe the modulation of the chemical exchange relaxation rate constants when using a train of adiabatic pulses, such as the hyperbolic secant pulse. Theory presented is valid for quantification of the exchange-induced time-dependent rotating frame longitudinal T1ρ,ex and transverse T2ρ,ex relaxations in the fast chemical exchange regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-139
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2006


  • Adiabatic pulse
  • Chemical exchange
  • Relaxation theory


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