The synthesis and characterization of potassium 2,2′-bipyridinetetranitroruthenate

D. A. Freedman, D. E. Janzen, K. R. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We report a convenient synthesis of K2[Ru(bpy)(NO2)4] via the thermal displacement of benzene from [(Bz)Ru(bpy)Cl]Cl (Bz = η6-C6H6; bpy = 2,2′bipyridine) by nitrite ion in methanol solution. K2[Ru(bpy)(NO2)4] has been fully characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray crystallography, and 1H NMR, IR, UV-vis, and emission spectroscopy. Reaction of K2[Ru(bpy)(NO2)4] with pyridine under mild or forcing conditions produces fac-K[Ru(bpy)(NO2)3(py)] and cis-[Ru(NO2)2(bpy)(py)2] (py = pyridine), respectively. We report full characterization data for these compounds, including crystal structures. The dπ(Ru) → π*(bpy) charge-transfer band in the electronic spectra of K2[Ru(bpy)(NO2)4] and fac-[Ru(bpy)(NO2)3(py)] displays a significant solvent dependence. The energy of the absorption band correlates linearly with the Gutmann solvent acceptor number. The solvatochromic response of these nitro complexes is essentially identical to that of the analogous cyanide complexes, indicating that the mechanism previously proposed to explain the solvatochromism of the cyanide complexes may need to be reexamined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6009-6016
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number23
StatePublished - Nov 5 2001


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