The Swiss cheese model for mitigating online misinformation

Leticia Bode, Emily Vraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The World Health Organization declared the deluge of publicly available information about COVID-19 to be an “infodemic,” comprising both facts and misinformation. Researchers don’t know exactly the degree to which people believe the misinformation they see online, but, in the case of COVID-19, belief in conspiracy theories related to the virus is associated with people being less willing to get vaccinated, potentially putting public health at risk. There’s no silver bullet to countering the online misinformation that can lead to these sorts of consequential misperceptions, but the good news is that multiple overlapping misinformation interventions, including correcting false information, can help.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalBulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 4 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.


  • COVID-19
  • Misinformation
  • corrections
  • infodemic
  • social media


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