The structure and correlates of self-reported DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: Findings from two german-speaking samples

Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein, Tobias Krieger, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Johanna Pretsch, Johanna Alexopoulos, Cars Ten Spitzer, Cord Benecke, Robert F. Krueger, Kristian E. Markon, Daniel Leising

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigated the structure and correlates of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits in two samples of 577 students and 212 inpatients using the German self-report form of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5. They found that (a) the factor structure of DSM-5 trait facets is largely in line with the proposed trait domains of Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism; (b) all DSM- trait domains except Psychoticism are highly related to the respective domains of the Five-Factor Model of personality; (c) the trait facets are positively associated with a self-report measure of general personality dysfunction; and (d) the DSM-5 trait facets show differential associations with a range of self-reported DSM-IV Axis I disorders. These findings give further support to the new DSM-5 trait model and suggest that it may generalize to other languages and cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-540
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of personality disorders
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 The Guilford Press.

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