The steroid-dependent regulatory element in the ovalbumin gene does not function as a typical steroid response element

L. A. Schweers, D. E. Frank, N. L. Weigel, M. M. Sanders

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Transcription of the chicken ovalbumin gene is induced both in vivo and in vitro by four classes of steroid hormones. Recent experiments identified a steroid-dependent regulatory element (SDRE) in the 5′-flanking region of the ovalbumin gene between -900 and -521. To characterize the regulatory properties of the SDRE more precisely, additional mutations were created in this region, and fusion genes prepared by linking the ovalbumin 5′-flanking region and promoter to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase structural gene. When the ovalbumin-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase fusion genes were transfected into steroid-responsive primary oviduct cells, mutants lacking sequences between -900 and -732 were no longer responsive to estrogen, corticosterone, progesterone, or dihydrotestosterone. The SDRE did not confer steroid-dependent expression on the heterologous thymidine kinase promoter by itself but did in conjunction with the negative regulatory element identified between -350 and -100. This suggests that the two elements act as a single functional entity and that the SDRE is not behaving as a typical steroid response element. Gel shift analyses revealed that two SDRE-protein complexes were formed when nuclear protein extracts were derived from estrogen-treated chicken oviduct but that only one complex was formed with extracts from estrogen-withdrawn oviduct or from other tissues. Neither an estrogen response element oligomer nor a glucocorticoid/progesterone response element oligomer competed for either of the DNA·protein complexes. Partially purified progesterone receptor also did not bind to the SDRE. These data indicate that induction of the ovalbumin gene by steroid hormones requires complex interactions involving both the SDRE and the negative regulatory element.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7590-7595
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number13
StatePublished - May 5 1990


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