The spread of pathogens through trade in wildlife

D. A. Travis, R. P. Watson, A. Tauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Discussions on diseases of wildlife have generally focused on two basic models: the effect of disease on wildlife, and the role that wildlife plays in diseases affecting people or domestic animal health, welfare, economics and trade. Traditionally, wildlife professionals and conservationists have focused on the former, while most human/animal health specialists have been concerned largely with the latter. Lately, the (re-)emergence of many high-profile infectious diseases in a world with ever-increasing globalisation has led to a more holistic approach in the assessment and mitigation of health risks involving wildlife (with a concurrent expansion of literature). In this paper, the authors review the role of wildlife in the ecology of infectious disease, the staggering magnitude of the movement of wild animals and products across international borders in trade, the pathways by which they move, and the growing body of risk assessments from a multitude of disciplines. Finally, they highlight existing recommendations and offer solutions for a collaborative way forward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-239
Number of pages21
JournalOIE Revue Scientifique et Technique
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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wildlife
pathogens
animal health
infectious diseases
welfare economics
wildlife diseases
globalization
wild animals
domestic animals
risk assessment
ecology

Keywords

  • Globalisation
  • Infectious disease
  • Risk assessment
  • Trade
  • Wildlife
  • Wildlife disease
  • Wildlife trafficking
  • Zoonoses

Cite this

The spread of pathogens through trade in wildlife. / Travis, D. A.; Watson, R. P.; Tauer, A.

In: OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 219-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Travis, D. A. ; Watson, R. P. ; Tauer, A. / The spread of pathogens through trade in wildlife. In: OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique. 2011 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 219-239.
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