El esqueleto como órgano endocrino: Funciones metabólicas de la osteocalcina

Translated title of the contribution: The skeleton as an endocrine organ: Metabolic functions of osteocalcin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The skeleton is one of the biggest systems in a vertebrate animal and, as such, it is reasonable to speculate that it cannot function isolated from the rest of the organism. In fact, we know that complex systems exist for the cross-regulation between the skeleton and several other organs. Today, we have the tools that allow us to perform genetic suppression in specific cells or tissues. This has allow us understand the mechanisms by which the organs communicate with each other and has revitalized the concept of organismal physiology as a whole. Studies conducted in recent years have uncovered unexpected functions performed by the skeleton. One of these is the control of global energy metabolism, through the se- cretion of osteocalcin, a protein produced by osteoblasts that acts as a hormone regulating insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity and energy expenditure. The evidence comes from the analysis of mice lacking insulin receptor (InsR) exclusively in osteoblasts. These mice have a global metabolic phenotype demonstrating that the action of insulin in osteoblasts promotes the homeostasis of glucose throughout the body. This action of insulin in osteoblasts is mediated by the negative regulation of the carboxylation (and bioavailability) of osteocalcin. The decarboxylation (and activation) of osteocalcin, in turn, occurs in the osteoclastic resorption pit. Briefly: the osteoblast is a target used by insulin to control the homeostasis of glucose throughout the body and bone resorption is the mechanism that regulates the activation of osteocalcin.

Translated title of the contributionThe skeleton as an endocrine organ: Metabolic functions of osteocalcin
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalActualizaciones en Osteologia
Volume13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Asociacion Argentina de Osteologia y Metabolismo Mineral. All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Global metabolism
  • Under-carboxylated osteocalcin

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The skeleton as an endocrine organ: Metabolic functions of osteocalcin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this