The significance of epidermal involvement in primary cutaneous gamma/delta (γδ) T-cell lymphoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Amrita Goyal, Daniel O'Leary, Lyn M. Duncan

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5 Scopus citations


Background: Primary cutaneous gamma/delta (γδ) T-cell lymphoma (PCGDTCL) is a rare, aggressive peripheral T-cell lymphoma. There is evidence that patients with epidermotropic PCGDTCL may have an improved prognosis compared with those with only dermal and/or subcutaneous involvement. Methods: Systematic review of the literature and application of inclusion criteria yielded 48 manuscripts detailing the cases of 104 patients. Results: Of the 104 patients, 57 were male (51.4%) and 47 were female (48.5%) Based on provided histopathologic descriptions, 57 cases (54.8%) had no epidermotropism, 47 cases (45.2%) patients demonstrated any degree of epidermotropism, and 25 cases were predominantly epidermotropic (25/104, 24%). Five-year overall survivals for patients with no epidermotropism, any epidermotropism, and predominantly epidermotropic presentation were 32.8%, 28.9%, and 40.0%, respectively (p = 0.40). The most commonly performed immunohistochemical markers were CD3, CD4, CD8, CD5, CD7, CD30, CD56, TCR beta, TCR γ, and TCR δ. There was no statistically significant difference in immunophenotype between groups. Lesion morphology was described in the majority of cases (85/104, 80.9%); most cases presented as a combination of nodules, plaques, and tumors (77.4%). Several cases had more atypical presentations, including “mycosis-fungoides-like” and ulcerated. Conclusion: In PCGDTCL, neither epidermotropism nor predominantly epidermotropic phenotype predict a better prognosis. In addition, the case report literature in dermatology and dermatopathology is rich and highly valuable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1449-1454
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cutaneous pathology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • case report
  • case series
  • cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
  • primary cutaneous gamma/delta T-cell lymphoma
  • review article


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