Although computer-mediated sexual communication (i.e., sexting) is a common behavior, research indicates that perceptions of sexting are generally negative. However, no research has attempted to quantitatively examine how perceptions of sexting vary according to the gender of the individuals involved. Thus, the current study investigated the endorsement of the sexual double standard (SDS; defined as the tendency to judge women more harshly than men for engaging in comparable sexual behavior) when evaluating hypothetical individuals who engage in sexting. A total of 949 U.S. adults (512 men, 438 women) participated in a between-subject experimental paradigm, in which they were randomly assigned to read one of 16 vignettes depicting a hypothetical sexting scenario and evaluate one of the individuals involved using three constructs of interest (morality, cognitive abilities, partner quality). The results provided no evidence of a SDS with respect to sexting, with hypothetical men and women being judged similarly on three constructs of interest. However, judgments of those who sext were largely influenced by the target’s role in the interaction (sender/receiver, requester/non-requester) and the familiarity of those involved (casual/committed partners). Hypothetical targets described as sexting with a casual partner and adopting an active role were judged as less moral, having lower cognitive abilities, and being poorer quality partners than those described as sexting a committed partner and adopting a passive role. Overall, these results indicate that the traditional SDS has given way to an egalitarian standard, perhaps due to recent societal shifts. Implications for investigators, educators, and practitioners are discussed.
- Computer-mediated sexual communication
- Sexual double standard
- Sexual script theory